| The following Egyptian
art is made from genuine Egyptian
papyrus and hand painted a unique Egyptian design.
All papyrus paintings can be purchased in the Egyptian
Dreams shop and are of the highest quality. Click
on an image to visit the shop.
Painted Papyrus of Amentet, Re-Horakhty, Horus and Hathor
Amentet is the goddess with the bird on her crown,
which stands for the West and so makes her the goddess
of the West. Re-Horakhty is known for his huge sun
disk crown. Hes wearing the bulls tail
of strength and holding the 'was' scepter of power.
On their thrones is a picture of the Sema-tawy (2
lungs and trachea) with a lotus (Upper Egypt) and
papyrus (Lower Egypt) tied around it. This means Union
of the 2 lands, which can be seen on the thrones
of most Kings. To the right of them is Horus, wearing
the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt, as he is the
protector of the reigning King.
Painted Papyrus of Anubis
The god of embalming and cemeteries, Anubis is usually
depicted as a jackal or a man with the head of a jackal.
Since jackals were common scavengers in Egyptian burial
sites, the honouring of Anubis in this guise may have
represented a way of protecting the dead from molestation.
Anubis was an ancient deity to whom prayers for the
survival of the deceased in the Afterlife were addressed
before Osiris rose to prominence as the god of the
dead. Anubis continued to assist in the judgement
of the dead and accompanied the deceased to the throne
of Osiris for the ritual of the Weighing of the Heart.
Painted Papyrus of Bastet
Bastet, the cat goddess, was worshipped in the ancient
city of Per-Bastet (Bubastis). Although Bastet was a
local deity, she was of great importance to the kings
of Egypt. Cat-like, she had both gentle and fierce aspects
to her nature. To the ancient Egyptians, the cat epitomized
the protective aspects of motherhood, so Bastet was
honoured as one of the mothers of kings.
Painted Papyrus of Hathor's Blessing
From the wall of a temple at Dendra, which lies about
60km north of Luxor, this scene shows Hathor suckling
Nectanebo II, the last of the Egyptian pharaohs, while
Thoth and Seshat, dieties of writing, record the years
of his life.
Painted Papyrus of Egyptian Queens
This papyrus shows Nefertari, Hatshepsut and Cleopatra.
Painted Papyrus of Egyptian Goddesses
This beautifully decorated design of Egyptian goddesses
is actually two scenes in one.
On the right we can see the goddess Isis seated on
her throne. Isis was the sister-wife of Osiris and
the mother of Horus, who represents the reigning King.
She holds the 'was' scepter of power and is pointing
an ankh (key of life) at the goddess Hathor. Hathor
was the goddess of love, joy and music. Shes
holding a sistrum, a rattle-like musical instrument.
Shes also giving lotus flowers to Isis, which
stands for rebirth and regeneration.
In the other scene again we see Isis and Hathor but
they are larger and are shown holding hands. Here
Isis (on the right) is wearing the menet necklace,
symbol of the goddess Maat, it stands for balance
and order. While on the far left a goddess follows
them bringing beautiful, fragrant lotus flowers.
Painted Papyrus of Gods and Goddesses
This beautifully detailed array of Egyptian gods and
goddess has a wonderful range of scenes going on all
In the center is the King holding the crook and flail
and wearing a bulls tail. Horus and Anubis are
adorning him. Horus, on the right, is wearing the
double crown of Kingship and is the protector of the
reigning King. Anubis, on the left, is related to
death and mummification, and so he ensures one for
The two figures on the left of the papyrus are Sobek
and Hathor. Hathor, the female goddess of love and
music, is offering Sobek the menet necklace. This
is a necklace that balanced in the front and back
and so stood for the Maat, goddess of order,
balance and justice. Sobek, the crocodile god, was
connected with the sun god Re.
On the far right the two figures are Anuket and Isis.
Anuket, seated on the throne, is the goddess of Aswan
and the daughter of Re, the sun god. Isis is adorning
her with lotus flowers, which symbolize resurrection
and rebirth. Shes also holding a sistrum, a
musical instrument that you shake like a rattle.
Painted Papyrus of Horus and Nefertari
The son of Osiris and Isis, Horus was a god of the sky
and is usually depicted as a falcon, or a man with a
falcon's head wearing the crown of all Egypt. Horus's
name means 'He Who is Above' and is probably linked
to his status as a god of the sky and to the high soaring
of the falcon. He is probably most well-known as the
protector of the ruler of Egypt. After Osiris was murdered
by his brother Seth, Horus fought with Seth for the
throne of Egypt. In this battle, Horus lost one of his
eyes. The eye was restored to him and it became a symbol
of protection for the ancient Egyptians. After this
battle, Horus was chosen to be the ruler of the world
of the living.
Nefertari was the favourite wife of Ramesses II,
the first of eight that he married during his long
reign of 67 years. Nefertari seems to have belonged
to a high-ranking family but was not herself royal.
It is thought she originated from Thebes as she is
always called 'Beloved of Mut', Mut being an important
goddess in the Theban area. Although given the title
'Mother of the King' and had several sons, they all
seem to have died before their father.
Painted Papyrus of Isis and Nefertari
Isis was a winged goddess who represented all that was
visible, birth, growth, development and vigour. Having
wings, she was a wind goddess. The kite was sacred to
her, and she could transform herself into this bird
at will. She brought the heavenly scent with her through
the land, leaving lingering scenes of spices and flowers
her wake. She brought fresh air with her into the underworld
when she gave food to the dead. She represented both
the life-giving spring winds of Egypt and the morning
winds that hailed the arrival of the sun each day.
The ancient Egyptians saw Isis as a benevolent goddess,
good and kind. Each pharaoh was her son and Isis loved
all creatures like a mother. She was the chaste and
devoted wife and as a result most highly regarded
among the Egyptian gods. Isis was the daughter of
Nut and Geb and the sister and wife of Osiris. Isis
aided her husband during his reign as the king of
Egypt and searched madly for his body after his death
so that he might be given a proper burial. Isis conceived
her son Horus either through magic or by resurrecting
Osiris. Isis raised Horus in the papyri and lotus
thickets of Chemmis, in the delta area of Lower Egypt
to protect the child from his uncle Seth. Seth wanted
to murder Horus, but Isis hid the child so that some
day he might avenge his fathers death.
Painted Papyrus of Isis, Ma'at, Horus and Hathor
This beautiful array of Egyptian gods and goddess shows
Isis, Maat, Horus and Hathor.
Seated at the center is Isis with a horned crown
as well as the vulture headdress. Isis is known for
her virtues as mother, wife, protector and magician.
She is holding the 'was' scepter of power and is pointing
the ankh (key of life) sign at the goddess Maat,
who is to her left. Maat is the goddess of truth,
justice and order and is spreading her wings in protection
to Isis. To the right is the god Horus who is wearing
the crown of Upper and Lower Egypt and is the protector
of the reigning King. To the left of them is the goddess
Hathor, who is the divine mother of the reigning King,
and goddess of sexuality, joy and music.
Painted Papyrus of Kings and Gods
This beautifully detailed and coloured scene shows the
relationship between the King and the gods.
The two figures on the left are the King and the
goddess Hathor. Hathor is depicted with cow horns
for a crown and is holding the 'was' sceptre of power.
She is the divine mother of the reigning King and
goddess of sexuality, joy and music. On the right
the King offers nu jars to Horus. These
would either hold wine or milk. Horus is wearing the
crown of Upper and Lower Egypt since he is the protector
of the reigning King. The King and Horus are both
wearing the bulls tail of strength. They are
surrounded by a gorgeous array of Hieroglyphic text.
Painted Papyrus of Maat and Isis
Ma'at, goddess of truth & justice, kneels before
the great mother goddess Isis, and spreads out her wings
to protect the cartouche containing the name of Queen
Nefertari, favorite wife of Ramesses II.
Painted Papyrus of Nefertiti
Famed throughout the ancient world for her outstanding
beauty, queen Nefertiti remains one of the most well
known of the queens of Egypt. Nefertiti was the Wife
of Akhenaten during the Eighteenth Dynasty. She bore
Akhenaten 6 daughters and no sons, and shared a near
co-rulership with the king. Fifteen years after her
appointment to the position of Queen of Memphis, Nefertiti
mysteriously disappeared. Egyptologists have assumed
that this was either due to banishment or her death.
However, little evidence suggests that she actually
died. Similarly, speculation exists as to whether she
was the obscure pharaoh Nefernefuaten.
The available evidence suggests that she was not
an Egyptian, a striking departure, for the Egyptian
Royal House which, to keep the line pure and to follow
the example of Isis and Osiris, usually married the
princes and the princesses to each other.
Painted Papyrus of an Offering to Re-Horakhty
Ramesses II makes an offering of two nu-pots to Re-Horakhty.
Nu-pots were small round vessels which, when inverted,
were likened to the bowl of the sky, Nut.
Painted Papyrus of Offering to Osiris, the goddess Isis
and the goddess Hathor
Ramesses II with his favoutite wife, queen Nefertari,
make an offering to the god Osiris, the goddess Isis
and the goddess Hathor.
Painted Papyrus of Offerings to Re-Horakhty
Pharaoh Ramesses II and his wife, Queen Nefertari,
make offerings to the Egyptian god Re-Horakhty.
Re-Horakhty is one of the forms of Re, the sun god,
and is identified as a god with a human body and falcon
head who wears a crown in the form of a sun disc surrounded
by a cobra, or a crown made from ram horns and ostrich
To the ancient Egyptians, before the world appeared,
only a dark, watery, void defined by eight gods and
goddesses existed. Then Re, the sun god, rose out
of this primordial water and established land. He
gave birth to the god Shu and the goddesses Tefnet
and Maat, and his tears became mankind. Thus divine
cosmic order came into being.
Re had several aspects: Khepri, the morning; Horakhty,
the midday; and Atum, the afternoon.
Painted Papyrus of Osiris and Five Goddesses
Osiris is shown here with five goddesses, including
his sister/sister-in-law, Nephthys.
Brother of Nephthys and Seth, and the brother and
husband of Isis. Osiris was usually depicted in human
form wrapped up as a mummy, holding a crook and flail.
He was often depicted with green skin, alluding to
his role as a god of vegetation. He wore a crown known
as the 'atef', composed of the tall conical white
crown of Upper Egypt with red plumes on each side.
He was killed by his rival and brother, Seth. At
a banquet of the gods, Seth fooled Osiris into stepping
into a coffin, which he promptly slammed shut and
cast into the Nile. Osiris was never seen again, walking
in the land of the living.
The coffin was born by the Nile to the delta town
of Byblos, where it became enclosed in a tamarisk
tree. Isis, the wife of Osiris, discovered the coffin
and brought it back home to guard. Isis gave birth
to Horus after his death, having impregnated herself
with semen from his corpse.
Taking advantage of Isis's absence from her vigil
one day, Seth cut the body to pieces and cast them
into the Nile. Isis searched the land for the body
parts of Osiris, and was eventually able to piece
together his body, whole save for the penis, which
had been swallowed by a crocodile or a fish. Isis
replaced the penis with a reasonable facsimile, and
she was often portrayed in the form of a kite being
impregnated by the ithyphallic corpse of Osiris.
Osiris became the great god of the underworld. He
was associated with funerary rituals, at first only
with those of the Egyptian monarch, later with those
of the populace in general. The pharaoh was believed
to become Osiris after his death. Although he was
regarded as a guarantor of continued existence in
the afterlife, Osiris also had a darker, demonic aspect
associated with the physiological processes of death
and decay, and reflecting the fear Egyptians had of
death in spite of their belief in an afterlife. Osiris
was also a judge of the dead, referred to as the 'lord
Painted Papyrus of Queen Hatshepsut
Hatshepsut was the female pharaoh of the Eighteenth
Dynasty. For a woman to rule Egypt for over 20 years
was extremely unusual.
She was the daughter of Tuthmosis I and was married
to her half-brother, Tuthmosis II. On his untimely
death, his heir was his son by a secondary wife, but
as the young Tuthmosis III was still a child, Hatshepsut
became regent and ruled on his behalf for about seven
years, before proclaiming herself king and ruling
jointly with him for a further 14 years.
Although she was a woman, she projected her official
image as that of a pharaoh and even wore the royal
Painted Papyrus of Ramesses III, Horus and Thoth
This beautiful symmetric scene shows Ramesses III in
the centre with Horus (right) and Thoth (left) pouring
the signs of life (ankh-key of life) and power (was)
over him. The Pharaoh is dressed in the full regalia
of Kingship, the nemes headdress and the bulls
tail which stood for power. Horus is the falcon headed
god, who was the protector of Kingship. Thoth, the ibis
headed god was the god of knowledge.
Painted Papyrus of Re-Horakhty and Amentet
Amentet was the Egyptian goddess and friend of the dead,
and the personification of the Land of the West, 'Amenti'.
It was she who welcomed the deceased to their new dwelling
place in the netherworld. She was also a goddess who
helped with the rebirthing process, and thus a goddess
of fertility and rebirth, who regenerated the deceased
with food and water.
She was depicted as a beautiful woman as wearing
the standard of the west on her head, carrying a scepter
and the ankh of life in her hands. She is occasionally
seen as a winged goddess, when linked to the goddesses
Isis and Nephthys. The standard of the west is usually
a half circle sitting on top of two poles of uneven
length, the longer of which is tied to her head by
a headband. Often a hawk or an ostrich feather is
seen sitting on top of the standard. Occasionally,
she is shown wearing just the hawk on her head.
She was believed to live in a tree at the edge of
the desert, a place where she could watch the gates
to the underworld. She was often shown not only in
tombs, but on coffins, being a goddess of the dead.
Painted Papyrus of Seti I and Hathor
King Seti I in front of one of the Priests sings rituals,
and behind him stands Goddess Hathor, holding a mace
Seti I was the son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre.
Like his father before him, Seti was a good military
leader. He plundered Palestine and brought Damascus
back into Egyptian control. He reconciled with the
Hittites who were becoming the most powerful state
in the region. Seti I and his heir, Ramesses II campaigned
against Kadesh. In Karnak he completed his father's
plan by converting the court between the second and
third pylons into a vast hypostyle hall. He built
his vast mortuary complex at Abydos. In Thebes, he
built his tomb, located in the Valley of the Kings.
Cut 300 feet into the cliffs, it was the largest tomb
in the area. Buried with him were over 700 Shabti.
These were carved stone or wooden figures that were
to accompany him to the afterlife to comply with the
requests from the gods.
Hathor was the goddess of joy, motherhood, and love.
She was also the goddess of music and dancing. Dead
women were identified with Hathor, as men were identified
with Osiris. Hathor is usually depicted entirely as
a cow or as a beautiful, slender woman wearing a head-dress
of a pair of cow's horns with a sun disc between them.
Hathor was thought of as the mother of the pharaoh.
Painted Papyrus of Seti I, Osiris and Horus
God of the dead and the Afterlife, as well as rebirth
and fertility, Osiris was usually represented in a mummified
anthropomorphc form, often holding a crook and flail,
and with the atef-crown on his head.
Painted Papyrus of the Great Sphinx at Giza
About 350 meters from Cheops's pyramid stands the Great
Sphinx, known in Arabic as Abu el-hol, which means "Father
of terror". With the body of a lion and the head of
a king, the Great Sphinx at Giza was believed to have
been built in 2500 BC. However there is evidence of
rain-induced weathering. If the weathering is indeed
caused by rain, it would mean that the Sphinx has been
in existence since North Africa had a wet climate -
more than 12,000 years ago! Most Egyptologists regard
the Sphinx as a portrait of the king Khafre, carved
from an outcrop of rock that remained after the quarrying
of limestone for the interior of the Great Pyramid.
The Great Sphinx measures 66 feet high and over 240
feet long. The face of the Sphinx rises 13 feet with
the eyes being 6 feet high. Part of the nose and beard
are now missing, but the beard can still be seen in
the British Museum.
Painted Papyrus of Tutankhamun
King Nebkheperura Tutankhamun is probably the most famous
of all the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, yet he was a short
lived and fairly insignificant ruler during a transitional
period in history.
Little was known of him prior to Howard Carter's
methodical detective work, but the discovery of his
tomb and the amazing contents it held ultimately ensured
this boy king of the Immortality he sought.
It is believed that Akhenaten and a lesser wife named
Kiya were the parents of Tutankhaten, as Tutankhamun
was known at first.
Soon after the deaths of Akhenaten and Smenkhkare,
Tutankhaten became a Boy King at the age of about
nine. He married a slightly older Ankhesenpaaten,
one of the daughters of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.
After the ousting of the Aten power base they changed
their names to Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamun to reflect
the return to favour of the Amun hierarchy.
Due to his young age, Tutankhamun would not have
been responsible for the real decision making. This
would have been handled by two high officials, Ay
(possibly the father of Nefertiti) and Horemheb, commander-in-chief
of the army.
Sometime around the ninth year of Tutankhamun's reign,
possibly 1325 B.C., he died. There is evidence of
an injury to the skull that had time to partly heal.
He may have suffered an accident, such as falling
from his horse-drawn chariot, or perhaps he was murdered.
No one knows. Ay oversaw Tutankhamun's burial arrangements
which lasted 70 days.
Due to Tutankhamun having no heirs, Ay became Pharaoh
and took Ankhesenamun as his queen to legitimise his
rule. What happened to her after that is not known.
Ay ruled for only four years and after his death Horemheb
grabbed power. He soon obliterated evidence of the
reigns of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Ay and substituted
his own name on many monuments.
Painted Papyrus of the Weighing of the heart ceremony
The ancient Egyptians believed that, when they died,
they would be judged on their behaviour during their
lifetime before they could be granted a place in the
Afterlife. This judgement ceremony was called the Weighing
of the Heart.
A giant scale would weigh the deceased's heart against
the principle of truth and justice (maat), represented
by a feather, the symbol of the goddess of truth,
order and justice, Maat. If the heart balanced against
the feather then the deceased would be granted a place
in the Fields of Hetep and Iaru. If it was heavy with
the weight of wrongdoings, the balance would sink,
and the heart would be grabbed and devoured by a terrifying
beast that sat ready and waiting by the scales. This
beast was Ammit ('the gobbler'), a composite animal
with the head of a crocodile, the front legs and body
of a lion or leopard and the back legs of a hippopotamus.
Once the heart was devoured, the deceased would cease
to exist - an idea which terrified the ancient Egyptians.
On the far right is the image of the deceased as
he bows to Thoth and Anubis, who will judge his fate.
Thoth is the Ibis headed god who recorded all the
happenings, while Anubis, god of cemetaries and embalming,
On the far left is Re-Horakhty, a combination of
Re (the Sun god) and Horus (the sky god). Hes
seated as King, holding the crook and the flail and
the 'was' scepter of power.
Painted Papyrus of Winged Maat
Ma'at was the personification of the fundamental order
of the universe, without which all of creation would
perish. The primary duty of the pharaoh was to uphold
this order by maintaining the law and administering
justice. To reflect this, many pharaohs took the title
"Beloved of Maat," emphasizing their focus on justice
and truth. At any event in which something would be
judged, Ma'at was said to be present, and her name would
be invoked so that the judge involved would rule correctly
and impartially. Ma'at's presence in all worlds was
universal, and all the gods deferred to her.