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Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Egyptian Mythology and more. Currently listing detailed information on 100 Egyptian Gods and Goddesses!

The main early beliefs can be split into 5 distinct localised belief groups,

  • the Ennead of Heliopolis, whose chief god was Atum
  • the Ogdoad of Hermopolis, where the chief god was Ra
  • the Khnum-Satet-Anuket triad of Elephantine, where the chief god was Khnum
  • the Amun-Mut-Chons triad of Thebes, where the chief god was Amun
  • the Ptah-Sekhmet-Nefertem triad of Memphis, unusual in that the gods were unconnected before the triad was formalised, where the chief god was Ptah
As the leaders of the different groups gained and lost power, so the dominent beliefs merged and mutated. First, Ra and Atum became Atum-Ra. At the end of this, all at remained, by the time of hellenic influence over Egypt, was the trinity of Osiris, Isis, and Horus, and their enemy, Set, as exemplified by the Legend of Osiris and Isis. The trinity had absorbed so many of the prior cults, that each was worshipped at their own cult centre - Abydos for Osiris, Dendara for Isis, and Edfu for Horus.

Even by this stage, the amalgamation was continuing, with Osiris all but an aspect of Horus (and vice-versa), heading rapidly towards monotheism. Nethertheless, monotheism had briefly existed before, as, in the 13th century, Akhenaten had attempted to introduce the monotheistic worship of Aten, the sun-disc itself, although it was subsequently rejected.

According to the Turin Royal Canon, ten gods ruled Egypt, each for long (but finite) periods, prior to the First Dynasty: Ptah, Ra, Su, Seb, Osiris, Set, Horus, Thoth, Ma'at, Horus.

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